Bouvet Island

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This uninhabited, volcanic, Antarctic island is almost entirely covered by glaciers making it difficult to approach; it is recognized as the most remote island on Earth. Bouvet Island was discovered in 1739 by a French naval officer after whom it is named. No claim was made until 1825, when the British flag was raised. In 1928, the UK waived its claim in favor of Norway, which had occupied the island the previous year. In 1971, Norway designated Bouvet Island and the adjacent territorial waters a nature reserve. Since 1977, Norway has run an automated meteorological station and studied foraging strategies and distribution of fur seals and penguins on the island. In February 2006, an earthquake weakened the station's foundation causing it to be blown out to sea in a winter storm. Norway erected a new research station in 2014 that can hold six people for periods of two to four months.

Geography

Location

island in the South Atlantic Ocean, southwest of the Cape of Good Hope (South Africa)

Geographic coordinates

54.26° S, 3.24° E

Area 233/257

total: 49 sq km

land: 49 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about 0.3 times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km

Coastline

29.6 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 4 nm

Climate

antarctic

Terrain

volcanic; coast is mostly inaccessible

Elevation

mean elevation:

elevation extremes:

lowest point: South Atlantic Ocean 0 m

highest point: Olav Peak 935 m

Natural resources

none

Land use

agricultural land: 0%

arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%

forest: 0%

other: 100% (93% ice) (2011 est.)

Natural hazards

NA

Environment - current issues

NA

Geography - note

covered by glacial ice; declared a nature reserve by Norway

People and Society

Population

uninhabited

Government

Country name

conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Bouvet Island

etymology: named after the French naval officer Jean-Baptiste Charles BOUVET who discovered the island in 1739

Legal system

the laws of Norway, where applicable, apply

Flag description

the flag of Norway is used

Economy

Economy - overview

no economic activity; declared a nature reserve

Communications

Internet country code

.bv

Internet hosts 230/232

6 (2012)

Transportation

Ports and terminals

none; offshore anchorage only

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

none