Isle of Man

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Part of the Norwegian Kingdom of the Hebrides until the 13th century when it was ceded to Scotland, the isle came under the British crown in 1765. Current concerns include reviving the almost extinct Manx Gaelic language. Isle of Man is a British crown dependency but is not part of the UK or of the European Union. However, the UK Government remains constitutionally responsible for its defense and international representation.

Geography

Location

Western Europe, island in the Irish Sea, between Great Britain and Ireland

Geographic coordinates

54.15° N, 4.30° W

Area 194/257

total: 572 sq km

land: 572 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

slightly more than three times the size of Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km

Coastline

160 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive fishing zone: 12 nm

Climate

temperate; cool summers and mild winters; overcast about a third of the time

Terrain

hills in north and south bisected by central valley

Elevation

mean elevation:

elevation extremes:

lowest point: Irish Sea 0 m

highest point: Snaefell 621 m

Natural resources

none

Land use

agricultural land: 74.7%

arable land 43.8%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 30.9%

forest: 6.1%

other: 19.2% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land

0 sq km (2012)

Natural hazards

NA

Environment - current issues

waste disposal (both household and industrial); transboundary air pollution

Geography - note

one small islet, the Calf of Man, lies to the southwest and is a bird sanctuary

People and Society

Nationality

noun: Manxman(men), Manxwoman(women)

adjective: Manx

Ethnic groups

white 96.5%, Asian/Asian British 1.9%, other 1.5% (2011 est.)

Languages

English, Manx Gaelic (about 2% of the population has some knowledge)

Religions

Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends), Roman Catholic

Population 200/238

87,545 (July 2015 est.)

Age structure

0-14 years: 16.3% (male 7,488/female 6,778)

15-24 years: 11.81% (male 5,380/female 4,956)

25-54 years: 39.27% (male 17,153/female 17,223)

55-64 years: 12.83% (male 5,668/female 5,560)

65 years and over: 19.81% (male 8,077/female 9,262) (2015 est.)

Median age

total: 43.7 years

male: 42.9 years

female: 44.4 years (2015 est.)

Population growth rate 145/233

0.76% (2015 est.)

Birth rate 177/224

11.1 births/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Death rate 44/225

10.06 deaths/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Net migration rate 19/222

6.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2015 est.)

Urbanization

urban population: 52.1% of total population (2014)

rate of urbanization: 0.8% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Major urban areas - population

DOUGLAS (capital) 29,000 (2014)

Sex ratio

at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.11 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.09 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female

total population: 1 male(s)/female (2015 est.)

Infant mortality rate 190/224

total: 4.11 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.08 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2015 est.)

Life expectancy at birth 27/224

total population: 81.09 years

male: 79.41 years

female: 82.9 years (2015 est.)

Total fertility rate 131/224

1.94 children born/woman (2015 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate

NA

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS

NA

HIV/AIDS - deaths

NA

Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 118/134

total: 10.1%

male: 11.8%

female: 8.2% (2011 est.)

Government

Country name

conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Isle of Man

abbreviation: I.O.M.

etymology: the name "man" may be derived from the Celtic word for "mountain"

Government type

parliamentary democracy

Capital

name: Douglas

geographic coordinates: 54.09° N, 4.29° W

time difference: UTC 0 (5 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)

daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March; ends last Sunday in October

Administrative divisions

none; there are no first-order administrative divisions as defined by the US Government, but there are 24 local authorities each with its own elections

Independence

none (British crown dependency)

National holiday

Tynwald Day, 5 July (1417, first recorded Day)

Constitution

development of the Isle of Man constitution dates to at least the 14th century; the constitution has been expanded and amended many times, last in 2014 (2015)

Legal system

the laws of the UK, where applicable, apply and include Manx statutes

Citizenship

see United Kingdom

Suffrage

16 years of age; universal

Executive branch

chief of state: Lord of Mann Queen ELIZABETH II (since 6 February 1952); represented by Lieutenant Governor Adam WOOD (since 7 April 2011)

head of government: Chief Minister Allan BELL (since 11 October 2011)

cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the lieutenant governor

elections/appointments: the monarchy is hereditary; lieutenant governor appointed by the monarch; chief minister indirectly elected by the Tynwald for a 5-year term (eligible for second term); election last held on 11 October 2011 (next to be held in December 2016)

election results: Allan BELL (independent) elected chief minister; Tynwald vote count - 27 of 30

Legislative branch

description: bicameral Tynwald or the High Court of Tynwald consists of the Legislative Council (11 seats; includes the President of Tynwald, 2 ex-officio members - the Lord Bishop of Sodor and Man and the attorney general - and 8 members indirectly elected by the House of Keys with renewal of 4 members every 2 years; elected members serve 4-year terms) and the House of Keys (24 seats; members directly elected by simple majority vote to serve 5-year terms)

elections: House of Keys - last held on 29 September 2011 (next to be held in September 2016)

election results: House of Keys - percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Liberal Vannin Party 3, independent 21

Judicial branch

highest resident court(s): Isle of Man High Courts of Justice (consists of 3 permanent judges called "deemsters" and 1 judge of appeal; organized into the Staff of Government Division or Court of Appeal and the Civil Division); note - appeals beyond the High Court of Justice are referred to the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council (in London)

judge selection and term of office: judges appointed by the Lord Chancellor of England on the nomination of the lieutenant governor; judge tenure NA

subordinate courts: High Court; Court of Summary Gaol Delivery; Summary Courts; magistrate's Court; specialized courts

Political parties and leaders

Liberal Vannin Party [Kate BEECROFT]

Manx Labor Party

Mec Vannin [Bernard MOFFATT]; (sometimes referred to as the Manx Nationalist Party; advocates a sovereign state and environment policies)

note: most members sit as independents

Political pressure groups and leaders

Alliance for Progressive Government or APG (a government watchdog)

International organization participation

UPU

Flag description

red with the Three Legs of Man emblem (triskelion), in the center; the three legs are joined at the thigh and bent at the knee; in order to have the toes pointing clockwise on both sides of the flag, a two-sided emblem is used; the flag is based on the coat-of-arms of the last recognized Norse King of Mann, Magnus III (r. 1252-65); the triskelion has its roots in an early Celtic sun symbol

National symbol(s)

triskelion (a motif of three legs); national colors: red, white

National anthem

name: "Arrane Ashoonagh dy Vannin" (O Land of Our Birth)

lyrics/music: William Henry GILL [English], John J. KNEEN [Manx]/traditional

note: adopted 2003, in use since 1907; serves as a local anthem; as a British crown dependency, "God Save the Queen" is official (see United Kingdom) and is played when the sovereign, members of the royal family, or the lieutenant governor are present

Economy

Economy - overview

Financial services, manufacturing, and tourism are key sectors of the economy. The government offers low taxes and other incentives to high-technology companies and financial institutions to locate on the island; this has paid off in expanding employment opportunities in high-income industries. As a result, agriculture and fishing, once the mainstays of the economy, have declined in their contributions to GDP. The Isle of Man also attracts online gambling sites and the film industry. Online gambling sites provided about 10% of the islands income in 2014. The Isle of Man enjoys free access to EU markets and trade is mostly with the UK. In October 2014, the Isle of Man signed an OECD agreement to automatically exchange some financial account information to limit tax avoidance and evasion.

GDP (purchasing power parity) 169/230

$6.298 billion (FY 2012/13 est.)

$5.85 billion (FY 2011/12 est.)

$5.621 billion (FY 2010/11 est.)

note: data are in 2013 US dollars

GDP (official exchange rate)

$4.076 billion (2007 est.)

GDP - real growth rate 139/225

2.2% (2012)

3.4% (2011)

2.1% (2010)

GDP - per capita (PPP) 7/230

$83,100 (2007 est.)

$35,000 (2005 est.)

GDP - composition, by sector of origin

agriculture: 1%

industry: 13%

services: 86% (FY 2012/13 est.)

Agriculture - products

cereals, vegetables; cattle, sheep, pigs, poultry

Industries

financial services, light manufacturing, tourism

Labor force 195/233

41,790 (2006)

Labor force - by occupation

agriculture, forestry, and fishing: 2%

manufacturing: 5%

construction: 8%

gas, electricity, and water: 1%

transport and communication: 9%

wholesale and retail distribution: 11%

professional and scientific services: 20%

public administration: 7%

banking and finance: 23%

tourism: 1%

entertainment and catering: 5%

miscellaneous services: 8% (2006)

Unemployment rate 14/207

2% (April 2011 est.)

1.8% (October 2010 est.)

Population below poverty line

NA%

Household income or consumption by percentage share

lowest 10%: NA%

highest 10%: NA%

Budget

revenues: $965 million

expenditures: $943 million (FY05/06 est.)

Taxes and other revenues 134/219

23.7% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)

Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-) 21/220

0.5% of GDP (FY05/06 est.)

Fiscal year

1 April - 31 March

Inflation rate (consumer prices) 174/226

5% (2010 est.)

3.1% (2006)

Market value of publicly traded shares

$NA

Exports

$NA

Exports - commodities

tweeds, herring, processed shellfish, beef, lamb

Imports

$NA

Imports - commodities

timber, fertilizers, fish

Debt - external

$NA

Exchange rates

Manx pounds (IMP) per US dollar -

0.65 (2015)

0.61 (2014)

0.65 (2013 est.)

0.62 (2012 est.)

0.62 (2011 est.)

Communications

Telephone system

domestic: landline, telefax, mobile cellular telephone system

international: country code - 44; fiber-optic cable, microwave radio relay, satellite earth station, submarine cable

Broadcast media

national public radio broadcasts over 3 FM stations and 1 AM station; 2 commercial broadcasters operating with 1 having multiple FM stations; receives radio and TV services via relays from British TV and radio broadcasters (2008)

Radio broadcast stations

AM 1, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)

Television broadcast stations

0 (receives broadcasts from the UK and satellite) (1999)

Internet country code

.im

Internet hosts 174/232

895 (2012)

Transportation

Airports 221/236

1 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 1

1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2013)

Railways 130/136

total: 63 km

narrow gauge: 6 km 1.076-m gauge (6 km electrified); 57 km 0.914-m gauge (29 km electrified)

note: primarily summer tourist attractions (2008)

Roadways 196/223

total: 500 km (2008)

Merchant marine 30/156

total: 321

by type: bulk carrier 59, cargo 55, chemical tanker 52, container 7, liquefied gas 43, passenger/cargo 2, petroleum tanker 93, roll on/roll off 5, vehicle carrier 5

foreign-owned: 223 (Bermuda 7, Chile 9, Denmark 30, Germany 56, Greece 62, Ireland 1, Japan 19, Malaysia 6, Norway 30, South Africa 2, US 1) (2010)

Ports and terminals

major seaport(s): Douglas, Ramsey

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

none