Wake Island

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The US annexed Wake Island in 1899 for a cable station. An important air and naval base was constructed in 1940-41. In December 1941, the island was captured by the Japanese and held until the end of World War II. In subsequent years, Wake became a stopover and refueling site for military and commercial aircraft transiting the Pacific. Since 1974, the island's airstrip has been used by the US military, as well as for emergency landings. Operations on the island were temporarily suspended and all personnel evacuated in 2006 with the approach of super typhoon IOKE (category 5), but resultant damage was comparatively minor. A US Air Force repair team restored full capability to the airfield and facilities, and the island remains a vital strategic link in the Pacific region.

Geography

Location

Oceania, atoll in the North Pacific Ocean, about two-thirds of the way from Hawaii to the Northern Mariana Islands

Geographic coordinates

19.17° N, 166.39° E

Area 245/257

total: 6.5 sq km

land: 6.5 sq km

water: 0 sq km

Area - comparative

about 11 times the size of the National Mall in Washington, DC

Land boundaries

0 km

Coastline

19.3 km

Maritime claims

territorial sea: 12 nm

exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Climate

tropical

Terrain

atoll of three low coral islands, Peale, Wake, and Wilkes, built up on an underwater volcano; central lagoon is former crater, islands are part of the rim

Elevation

mean elevation:

elevation extremes:

lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m

highest point: unnamed location 6 m

Natural resources

none

Land use

agricultural land: 0%

arable land 0%; permanent crops 0%; permanent pasture 0%

forest: 0%

other: 100% (2011 est.)

Irrigated land

0 sq km (2011)

Natural hazards

occasional typhoons

Environment - current issues

NA

Geography - note

strategic location in the North Pacific Ocean; emergency landing location for transpacific flights

People and Society

Population

no indigenous inhabitants

note: approximately 150 military personnel and civilian contractors maintain and operate the airfield and communications facilities (2009)

Government

Country name

conventional long form: none

conventional short form: Wake Island

Legal system

US common law

Citizenship

see United States

Flag description

the flag of the US is used

Economy

Economy - overview

Economic activity is limited to providing services to military personnel and contractors located on the island. All food and manufactured goods must be imported.

Communications

Telephone system

general assessment: satellite communications; 2 Defense Switched Network circuits off the Overseas Telephone System (OTS); located in the Hawaii area code - 808

Broadcast media

American Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS) provides satellite radio/TV broadcasts (2009)

Radio broadcast stations

AM 0, FM 0, shortwave 0 (American Armed Forces Radio and Television Service (AFRTS)) provides satellite radio service (2005)

Television broadcast stations

0 (2005)

Transportation

Airports 211/236

1 (2013)

Airports - with paved runways

total: 1

2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2013)

Ports and terminals

none; two offshore anchorages for large ships

Transnational Issues

Disputes - international

claimed by Marshall Islands